Destination Black Sea Region

The Black sea region of Turkey stretches from the North near Istanbul and heads East to the Artvin province. The region is culturally diverse and has beautiful landscapes views that are quite different from the rest of the country. Without a doubt, it is one of the most under-rated places in the country.

The Black Sea region has a steep, rocky coast with rivers that cascade through the gorges of the coastal ranges. A few larger rivers, those cutting back through the Pontic Mountains (Doğu Karadeniz Dağları), have tributaries that flow in broad, elevated basins. Access inland from the coast is limited to a few narrow valleys because mountain ridges, with elevations of 1,525 to 1,800 meters in the west and 3,000 to 4,000 meters in the east in Kaçkar Mountains, form an almost unbroken wall separating the coast from the interior. The higher slopes facing northwest tend to be densely forested. Because of these natural conditions, the Black Sea coast historically has been isolated from Anatolia.

The mild, damp oceanic climate of the Black Sea coast makes commercial farming profitable. Running from Zonguldak in the west to Rize in the east, the narrow coastal strip widens at several places into fertile, intensely cultivated deltas. The Samsun area, close to the midpoint, is a major tobacco-growing region; east of it are numerous citrus groves. East of Samsun, the area around Trabzon is world-renowned for the production of hazelnuts, and farther east the Rize region has numerous tea plantations. All cultivable areas, including mountain slopes wherever they are not too steep, are sown or used as pasture. The western part of the Black Sea region, especially the Zonguldak area, is a center of coal mining and heavy industry.

The North Anatolian Mountains in the north are an interrupted chain of folded highlands that generally parallel the Black Sea coast. In the west, the mountains tend to be low, with elevations rarely exceeding 1,500 meters, but they rise in an easterly direction to heights greater than 3,000 meters south of Rize. Lengthy, trough-like valleys and basins characterize the mountains. Rivers flow from the mountains toward the Black Sea. The southern slopes—facing the Anatolian Plateau—are mostly unwooded, but the northern slopes contain dense growths of both deciduous and evergreen trees.

City Trabzon

Trabzon is not one of the favourite cities in Turkey, yet it serves as a good base for sightseeing in the area. Although few western tourists go in that direction, people from the Middle East are a frequent sight. During the 1990’s, it also enjoyed great financial success as a central hub of the suitcase tourism trade.

Those who dislike the heat and humidity of the summer in the Mediterranean and Aegean regions of Turkey,[3] escape to the plateaux of the mountains in the Black Sea region which are almost permanently cloudy and receive immense amounts of rain and are very attractive with rich flora and fauna, forests, crater lakes, waterfalls, rivers, streams, mountain and nature walk, rafting, canoe and winter sports, hunting and fishing, grass skiing, healing water and local dishes.

Climate

Black Sea region has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb); with high and evenly distributed rainfall the year round. At the coast, summers are warm and humid, and winters are cool and damp. The Black Sea coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Turkey that receives high precipitation throughout the year. The eastern part of that coast averages 2,500 millimeters annually which is the highest precipitation in the country. Snowfall is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two, and it can be heavy once it snows.

The water temperature in the whole Turkish Black Sea coast is always cool and fluctuates between 8° and 20 °C throughout the year.

Ayder Plateau

The Ayder plateau stands out for a quirky and possibly absurd reason. I remember that it was the end of June, and while my friends on the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts were enjoying alfresco dining on warm summer evenings, I was huddled in my hotel room.

Despite wearing two pairs of socks, a jumper, my coat, and covering myself with a thick blanket, I felt an unwelcome shriving cold in my bones. Daytime weather temperatures had been mild but pleasant, so the significant drop at night had caught me off guard.

The reason for the cold nighttime temperatures in summer was the 1,350-metre altitude of the Ayder plateau. As part of the Kackar mountain range in the north-east of Turkey, it has a vastly different climate zone than that of the coastline holiday resorts.

Relaxing with tea

Turkey situated at west ends of Asia and east ends of Europe, and only country in Europe tea grows. Turkish people start to drink coffee from 15th century and tea drinking habits started from 17h century.

When we look back her history of Turkish Tea drinking , word “Cay” took important role, which took very long voyage from China, Mongolia, Central Asian countries to Russia, Georgia, Turkey through oldest road “Silk Road” and their drinking is quite similar in those countries.Turkish Tea plantation started in 1838, which they brought turkish black tea, seeds from Japan but due to technological, geographical conditions they could not be successful.

During this period one of Japanese Tea master visited Turkey and served Japanese Tea to Sultan and this gave influence to coffee drinking people to change to tea drinking.

Today,Turkish became heavy tea drinker and Turkish tea is one main export item to Middle East, and Russian countries. Word “Cay” cannot neglect in the Turkish daily life.

In 1878 Turkish tea consumption began to spread through Istanbul as teahouses opened in Sultanahmet. Tea became a cheaper alternative to coffee; The nation’s founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Encouraged tea as an alternative to Turkish coffee, which had become too expensive, four glasses of Turkish tea could be purchased for the price of one cup of Turkish coffee.